WHAT IS OBESITY?

What is obesity?
– Obesity has been defined as a body fat content greater than 10 per cent of total body weight for men and greater than 15 per cent for women. When energy intake exceeds expenditure, the excess calories are stored in adipose tissue and if this net positive balance is prolonged, obesity results. Obesity is not a sigh of a person being out of control. It is a serious medical disease that affects people worldwide.

What are the types of obesity?
– These are two types of obesity. One is primary obesity where basically the food intake and exercise can be the reason for obesity. It can be cured by correcting the input and output cycle. due to the endocrinal problem etc. Secondary obesity would mean that obesity has a definite cause that is due to definite disease. Such problems can be hypothyroidism and Cushing’s syndrome. Another cause of secondary obesity is the excessive intake of steroids that increase the become obese but it cannot be considered obesity as during childbearing weight gain to some extent definitely occurs.

What is apple and pear type obesity?
In obesity, the fatty tissue gets deposited in different parts of the body and this leads to two types of obesity. One is called apple or obesity that is characterized by fat distribution predominantly in the upper part of the body above the waist. It is generally observed in males. The other is called pear or gynoid obesity where fat predominantly deposits in the lower abdomen, buttocks, hips, and thighs. It is usually seen in females.

Fat cells from the upper part of the body seem to be functionally different from fat cells in the lower part. Abdominal or android fatness carries a greater risk for hypertension, heart disease, hyperinsulinemia, diabetes mellitus, gallbladder disease and stroke. It is primarily due, whereas lower body fat deposition is by hyperplasia (increase in the number of fat cells)Reducing the enlarged fat cell to normal size is easier rather than reducing the increased number of the cell to normal.