The normal body temperature varies from 36° to 37.1° C. it is usually lowest at about 6 am and highest in the evening. The body has mechanisms to keep the body temperature at normal – in cold atmosphere it can produce more heat whereas it can lose temperatures by various means if atmospheric pressure goes up. The atmospheric temperature best suited to the body is about 21-25° C. Sweating from body surface takes place continuously from our body without our knowledge. During exercises, the heat production by the muscles increase the body temperature as well as heart rate.
What to do ?
Summers are here! As the heat rises, your digestive system becomes slower and weaker leading to numerous digestive problems. It may seem far-fetched, but our stomachs react differently when there’s a change of season.
Dehydration, heat exhaustion, stroke, food poisoning and loss of appetite are common problems in the hot months. Hence, it is important to adapt an appropriate diet during the summer season in order to keep the digestive system running smoothly, else you could feel bloated and dull through the day.
1. Increase your fluid or salt intake if the blood pressure is low. Juicy fruits and juices can be taken in plenty. Drink lemon juice, coconut water and thin buttermilk, to replenish the fluids that are lost in sweat.
2. Do not do severe physical exertion during the peak summer especially during 10am to 6pm.
3. Finish your daily walk during early morning when the outside temperature is low.
4. If you feel dehydrated remember your urine color will be dark yellow. This means the body is preserving water. Please increase your intake of water.
5. Eat light foods and eat less in quantity: Eating smaller portions of meals at short intervals is always recommended to people of all ages during summertime, as it helps in easy digestion. Eating less quantities doesn’t mean reducing your appetite. All you need to do is to avoid heavy meals.
6. Include green vegetables and fresh fruits such as tomatoes, apples, pears, watermelon, cucumber, sweet potatoes, pineapple and papaya. These foods are not only easy to digest but also keep you hydrated for long. Vegetable salads with cucumber, tomato, carrot and onion are easy to make and should be eaten after lunch. They are rich sources of fibre which make for a great way to reduce cholesterol levels.
7. Yogurt is packed with protein that gives you probiotics. The bacteria present in yogurt makes your digestive process easier and better. Consumption of yogurt can also provide relief from dysentery.
8. Activities including yoga, walking, and running are recommended for all ages and genders. These activities can aid digestion and reduce stress, which further eases abdominal pain.