What are Vitamins?

What are Vitamins?
The organic substance in food is called Vitamins. They cannot be synthesized in enough quantities, even though they are required in small quantities. So far vitamins, have been identified

Commonly used names
1. Vitamin A
2. Thiamine
3. Riboflavin
4. Niacin
5. Vitamin B-6
6. Pantothenic Acid
7. Biotin
8. Folic acid
9. Vitamin B-12
10. Vitamin C
11. Vitamin D
12. Vitamin E
13. Vitamin K
VITAMIN-A(Regional):- dietary sources of retinol are milk, Red fruits, and yellow fruits, leafy vegetables which are of dark green color. Carotene is found in carrots(they being the richest source).
VITAMIN-C:- Vitamin C can be easily obtained from the dietary sources like oranges and various citrus fruits, guavas, black currants, green peppers, broccoli, raw cauliflower, sprouts of Brussels, potatoes, cabbage, amla, and lemon are still the largest.
Storehouses of Vitamin C:- It fastens healing process, holds all the cells of the body together, increases bodily resistance to fight infections and also forms a protective shield for defending the body from outside invasive forces. It also helps to build up the resistance of the entire body as a whole.

VITAMIN – E (Tocopherol)- It works as an antioxidant, protecting A, C and D Vitamins and also prevents fat from becoming rancid. It prevents the formation of unwanted blood clots. It helps and promotes better blood circulation and promotes the formation of healthy and new skin wounds. Oxygen and vitamin E are very important for each other. Its natural sources are the wheat germ, leafy and green vegetables, and products of whole grains.

How will you provide fat-soluble vitamin in the body? Fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E K
1. Vitamin A: can be provided to the body in the form of carotene i.e. they are found in carrots, red fruits like pumpkin, melon, apricots and yellow fruits like leafy vegetables which are dark green.
2. Vitamin D: Its natural form, cholecalciferol is a modified steroid and is formed in the skin by the action of ultraviolet light. Deficiency due to Vitamin D is liable to be felt due to the lack of sunlight.
3. Vitamin E: It works as an antioxidant, protecting, A, C, and D. And also prevents fats from becoming rancid. Its natural sources are the wheat germ, leafy and green vegetables and product of whole grains.
4. Vitamin K: It helps in maintaining clothing system in the blood. It can be obtained from wheat bran, wheat germ, cabbage, tomatoes, potatoes, spinach etc.

How does antioxidant help in preventing blockages int he heart?
Antioxidants are the nutrients which prevent oxidation of fat in the cell’s cholesterol (low-density lipoproteins) from oxidation whereas Vit. C scavenges free radicals and does not allow oxidation of the fat. When oxidation of the fat is prevented it does not settle in the blood artery, thus preventing blockages.