What are Triglycerides?
Triglycerides are nothing but fats. More than ninety-nine percent of the fats that we consume are Triglycerides. Less than one percent that is left out is Cholesterol. All the fats plant origin(example: Sunflower oil, olive oils, Palm oil, Groundnut oil, Mustard oil, Coconut oil, Vanaspati) are nothing but Triglycerides. Fats of animals origin have some minute amount of Cholesterol but rest of the fats are Triglycerides.
Scientifically speaking, Triglycerides are made up of one glycerol molecule and three molecules of fatty acids. Triglycerides also can give energy or calories to the body. One gram of Triglycerides will give 9 calories to the body. The usual blood level is of Triglycerides is 40-160 mg/100 ml of blood. If this level is towards the upper end of the range or above 160 mg/100ml they will start depositing inside the arteries of the body – especially the coronary tubes or arteries. This is why those who eat a lot of fat or Triglycerides or oil are prone to Heart disease and ultimately get heart attacks.
SAAOL recommends heart patients to keep the blood level of Triglycerides at least below 130mg/100ml.
What are monounsaturated oils?
Triglycerides are made of glycerol and three fatty acids. These fatty acid chains carbon and hydrogen atoms. Each carbon is attached to two hydrogen atoms. When one hydrogen atom is removed from the fatty acid chain it forms monounsaturated oil. These oils are equally harmful and create blockage like Cholesterol. Example: olive oil.
What are Polyunsaturated oils?
When in fatty acid chain one or more than one hydrogen atoms are removed it forms polyunsaturated oil. Consumption of these oils also leads to heart problems because they are Triglycerides and are known for blockages in the arteries. Example: Sunflower oil, Safflower oil.