Salt For Heart Patients: Yes or No???
It is generally assumed that dietary sodium (common salt) raises blood pressure and therefore heart patients think sodium restriction is to be followed strictly to reduce high blood pressure which is not true in all cases. Blood pressure results from two forces. One force is the heart as it pushes blood into the arteries and through the body. The other force is the arteries as they resist the blood flow from the heart. Having high blood pressure forces your heart to work harder than normal to circulate your blood which creates a greater strain on heart and arteries. Sodium has a minor role to play in the process of high blood pressure. In fact, sodium is required for proper body functioning and to maintain body fluid equilibrium.
SAAOL has made it apparent than other dietary measures results in a considerable reduction in blood pressure, in particular a dietary pattern in which very high consumption of vegetables and fruits combined with the consumption of zero oil foods are included. Moreover, in connection with the prevention of high blood pressure, it is important to prevent overweight and encourage physical activity in the form of yoga, health rejuvenating exercises, and proper stress management.
Sodium restrictions are imposed on a few heart patients only who have problems with fluid retention in the body and low ejection fraction (low pumping power). These people will have to certainly limit sodium intake. Apart from these people, there are certain other groups of patients whose blood pressure increases the consumption of salt or sodium-rich foods. They are called “Salt Sensitive” patients and they can benefit from a “Salt restricted diet”. The rest of the patients whose blood pressure does not fluctuate on sodium intake can go ahead with the normal sodium intake but no extra salt or salted foods should be taken.