Risk Factors for Developing Heart Disease:
Coronary Heart Disease(CHD) or Coronary Artery Disease(CAD) or Ischemic Heart Disease(IHD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. It is on the deposition of cholesterol and fat in the inner smooth lining of the blood vessels(coronary arteries – supplying blood to the heart), resulting in blockages and obstruction of blood flow through them.
Certain condition and lifestyle habits are now recognized and documented to be responsible for the deposition of cholesterol and fat in blood vessels as well as the increased rate at which they are being deposited, these are referred to as Risk Factors.
Risk factors are the reasons which lead to or aggravate the deposition of cholesterol or fat in the coronary arteries. All the factors which are important in the development of coronary heart disease, they have been classified into 2 categories.
1. Modifiable Risk Factors- In this group comes those risk factors which can be altered and prevented so that the further progress of heart disease can be arrested.
2. Non- Modifiable Risk Factors- There are three risk factors which cannot be altered such as age, sex, and heredity.