QUICK DEFINITIONS.

QUICK DEFINITIONS:- 
METABOLISM is the biological process by which energy is extracted from the foods consumed, producing carbon dioxide and water as a by-product for elimination. Metabolism involves catabolic and anabolic activity. The catabolic function controls digestion, while the anabolic function produces substance for cell growth and repair.

The calorie is a measure of the energy-producing potential contained in food, In practical terms, the number of calories in a particular food tells you how much fuel you’re getting from eating it.

GLUCOSE, a type of sugar, is the main fuel used by the brain After a meal is eaten, the pancreas produces insulin to enable sugar to be metabolized. If you are eating a lot of carbohydrates, your body will become accustomed to producing a lot of insulin and over time, you may experience insulin resistance.

GLUCAGON is secreted by your pancreas and helps to unlock the body’s fat stores to be burned as fuel. If too much insulin is present in the bloodstream, such as following a steady diet of carbohydrates, glucagon is blocked. fat is not freed up to be used and the dieter often craves more carbohydrates as her or she may feel lethargic, unable to gain access to the energy locked in the body’s fat stores.

HYPOGLYCEMIA, or low blood sugar, is a condition often associated with diabetes. Symptoms include anxiety, weakness, sweating, rapid heart rate, dizziness, headache, irritability, and poor in mid-afternoon when most people experience a slight drip in blood sugar(Glucose)levels.

DIABETES MELLITUS is a degenerative illness that centers around the hormone insulin and the pancreas. In type I diabetes also called juvenile diabetes, the pancreas is unable to manufacture insulin. Type II diabetes, or noninsulin dependent adult-onset diabetes, develops in middle-age. Here, the pancreas produces insulin, but the body’s cells do not respond to it and can’t absorb the glucose from food. As blood glucose levels continue to rise, the pancreas released more insulin to deal with the excess blood sugar. The result is both a state of low blood sugar and too much insulin(Hyperinsulinism).

OMEGA-3 and OMEGA-6 oils are the two principal types of essential fatty acids, which are unsaturated fats required in the diet. A balance of these oils in the diet is required for good health. The primary omega-3 oil is alpha-linolenic acid(ALA) found in Flaxseed, Canola, Pumpkin, Walnut, and Soybean, Fish oils, such as Salmon, Cod, and Mackerel, contain the other important omega-3 oils, DHA(Docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA(Elcos- pentanoic acid). Linolenic acid is the main omega-6 oil, gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), is found in evening primrose, black currant, and borage oils.