Part 2-What is obesity?

Q1) What is obesity?

Obesity has been defined as a body fat content greater than 10% of total body weight for men and greater than 15% for women. When energy intake exceeds expenditure, the excess calories are stored in adipose tissue and if this net positive balance is prolonged, obesity results. Obesity is not a sign of a person being out of control. It is a serious medical disease that affects people worldwide.

Q2) what are the types of obesity?

There are two types of obesity. One is primary obesity where basically the food intake and exercise can be the reason of obesity. It can be cured by correcting the input and output cycle. But the other kind of obesity called secondary obesity means obesity due to endocrinal problem etc. Secondary obesity would mean that obesity has a definite cause that is due to definite disease. Such problems can be hypothyroidism and Cushing’s syndrome. Another cause of secondary obesity is the excessive intake of steroids that increases the chances of obesity. During pregnancy, ladies gain weight and become obese but it cannot be considered obesity as during childbearing weight gain to some extent definitely occurs.

Q3) what is childhood obesity?

Childhood obesity refers to both children and adolescents. In general, we use the word children to refer to 6 to 11 years of age and adolescents to 12 to 17 years of age. As with adult-onset obesity, childhood obesity occurs because of imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. It most likely results when children eat non-nutritious food, watch several hours of television daily and are relatively inactive. In addition to this overfeeding by parents in love and affection is also one of the causes.

Q4) what is the difference between obesity and overweight?

Overweight is defined as the condition when the person’s weight is 10% more than the ideal body weight. If the bodyweight is 20% more than the ideal body weight it is called obesity and this obesity can be of three types: Grade-I, grade-II and grade III that is identified by calculating BMI.

Q5) what are the hazards of obesity?

Listed here are the diseases and health problems associated with excess weights. Please keep in mind that these health risks increase even more as the severity of an individual’s obesity increases.