Part -2 OBESITY.

What is childhood obesity?
Childhood obesity refers to both children and adolescents. In general, we use the word children to refer to 6 to 11 years of age and adolescents to 12 to17 years of age. As with adult-onset obesity, childhood obesity occurs because of imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. It most likely results when children eat non-nutritious food, watch several hours of television daily and are relatively inactive. In addition to this overfeeding by parents in love and affection is also one of the causes.

What is the difference between obesity and overweight?
Overweight is defined as the condition when the person’s weight is 10% more than the than the ideal body weight it is called obesity and this obesity can be of three types: Grade-I, Grade-II, and Grade-III that is identified by calculating BMI.

What are the hazards of obesity?
Listed here are the diseases and health problems associated with excess weight. Please keep in mind that these health risks increase even more as the severity of an individual’s obesity increases.

Angina Pectoris
– Bladder control problems(such as stress incontinence)
– Cholecystitis and cholelithiasis
– Cancer (endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon)
– Complications of pregnancy
– Coronary heart disease
– Gallstones
– Gout
-High blood cholesterol (dyslipidemia)
– High blood pressure(hypertension)
-Hyperinsulinemia
-Insulin resistance, glucose intolerance
– Obstructive sleep apnoea(interrupted breathing during sleep) and respiratory problems
– Osteoarthritis(wearing away of the joints)
– Poor female reproductive health (such as menstrual irregularities, infertility, irregular ovulation)
-Psychological disorders (such as depression, eating disorders, distorted body image, and low self-esteem)
– Stroke
– Type 2 (non- insulin dependent) diabetes
– Uric acid nephrolithiasis.