Osteoarthritis sometimes called “degenerative arthritis”, “degenerative joint disease” or “osteoarthrosis” makes up about half of all kinds of arthritis. Essentially a joint failure, by the age of 65 years, 80 percent of people show X-ray evidence of the disease. Men and women are both affected, but it is more severe and more generalized in older women. It may affect any joint in your body.
With osteoarthritis, the problem lies in the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints. Over a period, the cartilage deteriorates and its smooth surface roughens. Eventually, if the cartilage wears down completely, you may be left with bone rubbing against bone and the ends of your bones become damaged. This is generally painful.
Osteoarthritis most often develops after 45 years of age.in young people, in the absence of a joint injury, osteoarthritis is relatively rare. Affected individuals often have a family history of osteoarthritis.
Although an active lifestyle may slow the process, almost all people older than 60 have mild symptoms in the neck or spine.
Knees are affected frequently from Osteoarthritis because they bear most of your weight. You can have chronic pain or varying amounts of discomfort when you stand and walk. Swelling also may occur, especially in your knees.
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
1. Pain in the joint.
2. Discomfort in a joint before or during a change in weather
3. Swelling and stiffness in a joint
4. Loss of flexibility