OBESITY – A CONDITION OR A DISEASE?
There is a great debate in the medical field on this topic. Dieticians and doctors would usually call obese people, who visit them, as ” my patients” – rather than “my clients”. Are they really patients or not?
To my mind, they can be considered as patients when their body weight is very high or when their body weight is very high or when they report to the doctors for complications of obesity. Let us now consider what weight can be considered as “very high” and what may be the complications that obesity results in.
The weight of a person mainly depends on the height. If the height is more the weight will also be more. Different kinds of charts are available to know the ideal body weight- which varies from country to country, race to race. For the gents and for the ladies the charts vary. They also allow the weight for a particular range- which also varies. Then there may be charts for the small, medium and large frame people. This not only confuses people, but many obese persons only try to follow the charts where he has a big range.
I would like people to follow one simple and the most scientifically approved formula- which is called the Body Mass Index(BMI). This is a single formula and does not need a chart. Only one has to know his or her weight in kilograms, height in meters or centimeters and use a simple calculator to know your BMI. It can be calculated as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters.
Body Mass Index=Weight in Kg/(Height inMt)2
If the BMI is less, your weight is less and the more the BMI the more is your weight. Below 19 is gross underweight; between 19-22 is underweight; 22-25 is normal weight and above 25 is overweight. I call more than 29 BMI as “morbid obesity”- or obesity to be so high as to create any other disease. This stage can be considered a disease.