How to recognize Heart Disease?

How to recognize Heart Disease?

Angina is the sensation of heaviness or pain in the left side of the chest, which typically radiates to the left arm. It may be associated with sweating, choking sensation, and breathlessness.

Angina pain usually occurs on sudden excitement, anxiety, climbing stairs, walking, bathing or during any stressful activity. Angina is especially felt on minimal exertion after heavy meals. The symptoms are relieved on taking rest or by putting a sorbitrate tablet to dissolve below the tongue. This pain is never an excruciating pain in nature and doesn’t stay for a long time. If these latter two symptoms occur then it indicates a heart attack, medically known as Myocardial Infarction.

Recognition of angina depends on the patient’s knowledge about the disease and on the physical activity performed. If one performs heavy physical activity from time to time one can identify angina early. People who do not physically exert themselves feel and recognize angina quite late, because they never reach a higher heart rate.

Angina does not occur at blockages of 40% to 50% which are widely prevalent in most people. If it occurs, it is more likely to be precipitated by a sudden episode of a coronary artery spasm which is the most frequently seen manifestation of stress.

The most common symptoms of angina are :

1. Chest pain: The pain of angina may have its severity from mild to severe, whereas the pain of a heart attack is very severe. It usually occurs in the centre of the chest and radiates to the left arm but at times may even radiate to the right arm, shoulders or the lower jaws. The pain usually lasts for 5 to 10 minutes.

2. Breathlessness or shortness of breath

3. Sweating

4. Nausea (sensation of vomiting) and vomiting

5. Dizziness and fainting

6. Pain or heaviness in the chest especially after heavy meals.

7. Choking sensation in the throat.

8. Heaviness or tightness in the chest or upper abdomen.

9. Weakness and easy fatigability.